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What is B Tech (Bachelor of Technology)?

Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech) is a professional undergraduate engineering degree programme awarded to candidates after completion of four years of study in the field. This undergraduate programme is your gateway to a career in engineering.

In India, a B.Tech degree is offered across various specializations. Some of the more prominent ones are as follows:

  • Aeronautical
  • Civil
  • Electronics and communication
  • Mechanical
  • Biotechnology
  • Automobile
  • Computer science
  • Electrical
  • Information technology


While all these specializations offer bright prospects for students to get into different careers, computer science engineering is probably one of the most sought after nowadays. This is also reflected in the high cut off exam scores that top engineering colleges such as the Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs), the Indraprastha Institutes of Information Technology (IIITs) and the National Institutes of Technology (NITs) as well as some of the best central universities command from their respective applicants in order to enroll them for this programme.

In India, all technical programmes such as B.Tech fall under the regulatory purview of the All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) and the National Board of Accreditation (NBA). Admissions to B.Tech programmes take place through national level/state-level/institute-level engineering entrance examinations. The top five engineering entrance exams taken by a large number of students each year are:

  • JEE Main
  • JEE Advanced

The Bachelors in Engineering (BE) degree programme also offers a similar orientation to students as the one offered by a B.Tech programme. In fact, such is the degree of overlap in eligibility criteria to colleges, subjects taught, recruiting companies and even job profiles offered during placements, that often students wonder whether these are the same.

What is the difference between a BE and B.Tech degree?

The key difference between these two degree programmes is with respect to the course material taught and the orientation of the programme.

The following table captures the points of difference between these two programmes.


Difference between B.Tech and BE
B.Tech BE
B.Tech is skill/data oriented. The course is more of application engineering. BE is more theoretical and knowledge oriented. It is study based on theory.
The course deals with the technical aspects of Science The course deals with engineering aspects of Science
The course applies the principles of engineering and technology to modify structures and thereby enhance their quality. The course is applied to develop innovative equipment and useful technical gadgets in Science and Technology.

Both BE and B.Tech degrees offer students an opportunity to pursue a career in Engineering. The courses are of duration of 4-years and are spread across 8 semesters.

There are typically two kinds of an engineering programme:

  1.     3-year BE/B.Tech after Diploma in Engineering
  2.     4-year BE/B.Tech after Class 12

The four year programme offers more rigors to students and covers more with respect to depth of curriculum.

Required Skill set for BE/B.Tech

Familiarity with Industry Standards Ability to communicate – verbal and written
Teamwork Knowledge of the core subject
Multi-disciplinary exposure Creativity
Leadership Skills Application of the knowledge
Acquaintance with Computers & IT Analytical & Creative thinking

Eligibility Criteria for BE/B.Tech

The basic eligibility requirement for admissions to any B.Tech programme is:

  • Candidates must have passed Class 10+2 exam from a recognized board with Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics as core subjects.
  • They must also have secured minimum aggregate marks of 60% in the above subjects combined.

Please note that the B.Tech eligibility criteria would vary from institute to institute.

Course Curriculum for BE/B.Tech

The course curriculum for every B.Tech specialization is different. Take a look at the syllabus/course curriculum for some of the popular B.Tech specializations below.

Industrial Engineering Aeronautical Engineering
Marine Engineering Aerospace Engineering
Mechanical Engineering Automobile Engineering
Mechatronics Engineering Biomedical Engineering
Metallurgical Engineering Biotechnology Engineering
Mining Engineering Ceramic Engineering
Petroleum Engineering Chemical Engineering
Power Engineering Civil Engineering
Production Engineering Communications Engineering
Robotics Engineering Computer Science Engineering
Structural Engineering Construction Engineering
Telecommunication Engineering Electrical Engineering
Textile Engineering Electronics & Communication Engineering
Tool Engineering Electronics Engineering
Transportation Engineering Environmental Engineering

BE/B.Tech: Types of Job profiles and Top recruiters

The job opportunities for B.Tech graduates are huge in technical fields. Any graduate who has successfully pursued a B.Tech degree can get a job in almost all the sectors in India. Besides being hired as engineers, B.Tech graduates are also hired as consultants, subject matter experts, researchers, managers etc. Take a look at some of the popular job profiles for B.Tech graduates below.

Types of job profiles for B.Tech graduates

Mining Engineer Computer Science Engineer
Ceramic Engineer Mechanical Engineer
Production Engineer Civil Engineer
Robotics Engineer Automobile Engineer
Electronics & Communication Engineer Chemical Engineer
Lecturer/Professor Electrical Engineer
Software Develop Electronics Engineer
Product Manager Aeronautical Engineer
Construction Engineer Marine Engineer
Telecommunication Engineer Aerospace Engineer

As a B.Tech graduate, it’s important to be aware of the choices that you are or you will be making for your future. To make the right decision, you must be aware of all the choices available to you after graduation to lead a better career.

Many B.Tech graduates, after completing their 4 year programme, go for an MBA degree. While there are others who appear for GATE to pursue higher studies in the chosen specializations. Some B.Tech graduates also launch their own start-ups.

Read: What after B.Tech? Know your Options

Top recruiters for B.Tech graduates

The demand for B.Tech graduates is high across every domain. Every company – private or government, big or small — recruits engineers in various capacities. Take a look at the list of some of the top companies recruiting B.Tech graduates after a successful 4 year programme.

Bain & Company TATA Consultancy
Larson & Turbo Infosys Technologies
Info Edge India Ltd IBM Global Services
Honeywell Accenture Services
Samsung HCL Technologies
AT Kearney Goldman Sachs
Blackstone Qualcomm
Hindustan UniLiver Ltd Microsoft
ITC Limited Cairn
JP Morgan Mckinsey Knowledge Centre
Intel Rubric and Uber
EXL Apple
Flipkart Google
Myntra Morgan Stanley
Amazon Schlumberger
HSBC Deutsche Bank
ICICI Procter & Gamble
Mahindra & Mahindra Ltd Millennium
Siemens ISRO
Triveni Turbine Limited Sysmex

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